Monday, August 31, 2020

Gun ownership by state

Massachusetts and New Jersey tie for the lowest rate of gun ownership in America where only 14.7% of  the household have guns, followed by Rhode Island, Hawaii, and New York. 

The top five gun-owning states from lowest to highest rate of gun ownership are West Virginia,  Idaho, Alaska, Wyoming, and Montana with the highest rate of gun ownership where 66.3% of the household have guns. Tennessee ranks number 14 where 51.6% of the household have weapons. 

For more on this story, follow this link

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Mayor Cooper's new $1.5B transit plan. Show me the money!

by Rod Williams - Mayor Cooper has proposed a new $1.5 billion transit plan for Nashville just as if we were awash in money and people were clamoring for more public transportation options.  I don't guess he has noticed. The Corona-19 government shut down has caused a $200 million hit to revenue projections this year.  And, in December we may very likely see a referendum pass that rolls back the 34% (37% in the General Services District) tax increase passed in June.  

Also, the public is not on board.  In 2018 the public voted against a $9 billion transit plan  that would have build a light rail, bus rapid transit, downtown tunnel system.  Since the government imposed the economic shutdown, WeGo has been losing millions of dollars. Not only are fewer people riding because they are working from home or have no place to go, but mass transit is a spreader of the disease. On a train or plane or bus, you are breathing the expelled breath of every other person in the conveyance vehicle. Mass transit is a health hazard. 

I walk almost every day a trek that takes me down 8th Avenue South over to 12th Avenue South to Belmont Avenue and back.  I am not walking at rush hour so I don't know if anyone is riding the bus then but I always notice if anyone is riding the bus.  Almost every bus I see is empty except for the driver.  Sometimes there may be one or two people on the bus but most of the time they are empty. Why take these big buses to the suburbs and back just as if there were riders for these busses? 

Would this not be a good time to think outside the box of doing things the way they have always been done and consider something innovative? Nashville could take the lead in creating a mostly private, paratransit, demand-driven, public transportation system. Now when riding the bus is a health hazard and demand is down would be the time to innovate and experiment.

For more on the Mayor's transit proposal, see this link.  For more on my thoughts on pubic transportation see, What to do about Mass Transit and traffic congestion


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Sunday, August 30, 2020

Vanderbilt can't build Murfreesboro hospital. Government needs to get out of the way and let the market decide.

by Rod Williams, 8/30/2020 - On Wednesday of this week the State government denied Vanderbilt University Medical Center permission to build a 48-bed medical center in Murfreesboro. Instead, the government decided that St. Thomas could build a hospital in Murfreesboro

State law requires the construction of new hospitals to be approved by the Tennessee Health Services and Development Agency. The logic of this is that by requiring government approval, the government will prevent the construction of unnecessary or redundant facilities. Once they decide a hospital can be built, I do not know what criteria they use in choosing one company over another.

This is asinine. I live in the Melrose area of Nashville and we have a Kroger grocery store about a mile from my house. Within about five miles there are several other grocery stores. There is a Aldi's, another Kroger, a Trader Joe's, and others.  I don't want to drive five miles but would welcome another grocery store in my neighborhood.  I am getting one. Within about a half mile, a new Publix is going up. What if a new grocery store had to get a certificate of necessity before they could open and then government, if they decided one could be build, decided which one? I probably would not be getting a new Publix. 

Some will say, "Oh, but health care is different." Why?  Without food you die. Is health care more important than food? 

In the 1970's, the federal government urged states to control the rising health care costs by managing the growth of health care services and facilities through health planning and the Tennessee General Assembly created an agency to manage the Certificate of Need program. How has that worked out?  Are health care cost lower today than they were in 1970?  Is there any reason to believe health care cost would be even higher if we had not had the last fifty years of government making these decisions? 

I am not one who thinks the status quo in health care is just fine.  We need health care reform.  However, wage and price controls almost always fail; requiring government approval before one can open a new business or provide an innovative product or service is more likely to drive prices up, not down; and, bureaucrats picking winners and losers does not result in better decisions than does letting the market make those decisions. 

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Tennessee can lead the nation in innovation freedom

Justin Owen
by Guest columnist Justin Owen, The Tennessean- We have witnessed many unprecedented moments over the past few months. And most of the news has been grim. But as we battle the COVID-19 pandemic, a silver lining is appearing on the edge of the dark clouds. We are witnessing some of the most rapid and exciting improvements in innovation in the history of the world. 

Take telehealth for example. During the first month of the pandemic, BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee reported that it had managed 18 times more telehealth claims than a year before. ... State lawmakers even recently returned to Nashville for a special session to make permanent many of the telehealth changes made by Gov. Bill Lee in his executive orders. ...

We should also build upon our existing framework that makes it easier to test new products in our state. For example, Amazon recently chose Franklin as one of just two southern cities to test its new delivery robots. 

Overregulated states chase away creativity. ... There’s no reason those innovators shouldn’t set up shop and bring their products to market in Tennessee and hire Tennesseans. (Read the full article at this link and view a 20 minute interview with Justin Owen exploring this topic.) 

Justin Owen is president and CEO of the Beacon Center of Tennessee.

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Friday, August 28, 2020

Update. “Nashville Taxpayer Protection Act” petitions submitted.

by Rod Williams - The petition to put the Nashville Taxpayer Protection Act referendum on the December ballot has been turned in to the election commission.   

If passed, the Act would roll back Nashville’s 34% property tax increase and limit Metro Council's ability to raise property taxes.  If passed, tax increases would be limited to 2% annually, without voter approval. Any effort to raise taxes by more than 2% would have to go on the ballot for approval by the voters. 

Other things the Act would do are:
  • Block the the city from giving away land valued at $5 million or more without the support of 31 council members;
  • Require a voter referendum for any bonds totaling more than $15 million for city projects, excluding schools, libraries, healthcare buildings and public safety projects;
  • Have any Nashville pro sports facilities or related commercial development “revert to the people” if no games are played for more than 24 months; and 
  • Require any groups receiving $250,000 or more in public funds to be subject to open record laws.
The group submitted petitions with over 20,000 signatures. I do not know the minimum number that is required to get the petition on the ballot but the signatures will be carefully vetted by the Election Commission to see if they are valid signatures.  

Local attorney Jim Roberts is the person who drafted the Taxpayers Protection Act and led the effort to get it on the ballot.  Congratulations Jim! And, Thank you. 

I summarized this report from an article published in the Tennessean. That article says the referendum will be on the December 5th ballot.  I checked the Election Commission Calendar and they show no election scheduled for December 5th. Someone who is reliably informed told me there was some reason the question could not be on the November 3th ballot but they did not know the reason but there would be a special election on December 5th for this referendum. Being the only thing on the ballot should greatly enhance the chances of this passing.  On November 3rd a lot of casual low-information progressive voters will be voting and they greatly out number conservative voters in Davidson County and would probably vote against lower taxes.  They will not be motivated enough to go to the polls in a special election to vote against lower taxes, however and those opposed to the 37% tax hike are motivated. Assuming enough of the signatures are valid to meet the threshold, this is going to a vote and will pass!

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Thursday, August 27, 2020

Why do schools not want parents to know what they are teaching children?

Why do schools not want parents to know what they are teaching children?  Could it be because they are indoctrinating them in an socialist-loving, America-hating ideology?  

Rutherford County sent a letter to parents asking them to sign an agreement that they would not observe what goes on in their child's virtual classroom. They have backed off of this policy somewhat since this was met with an uproar.  Now they say parents can observe, with permission of the teacher. However, they still prohibit parents from taping the classroom activity. 

I have been slow reaching this conclusion, but I think it is time to give up on public schools as they are now constituted.  Parents who can afford to do so need to pull their kids out of public schools and sent them to a good private school. Parents who have the time and talent to do so should consider home schooling.  We need to demand more school choice in the form of charter schools and vouchers. We need to elect conservatives to local school boards across America.  Citizens need to take advantage of the right to review textbooks and need to be involved in the textbook selection process.  We need a new conservative public interest non-profit legal organization to protect the interest of parents and students. 

Parents need to be loud and clear and let government know that children belong to the parents, not the state.  

If you missed this story when it first went public a few days ago, here it is:

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Wednesday, August 26, 2020

My spontaneous response to the first night of the Republican Convention.

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The Tennessee Star reports members of the Tennessee Republican Party Executive Committee are receiving death threats.

by Rod Williams, 8/26/2020 - The Tennessee Star reports that several members of the Tennessee Republican Party Executive Committee have received death threat letters.  Among those identified as receiving the letters are members Betty Fain, Bobby Wood, Rob Ailey, and Matthew Coleman.  Woods says the letter he received says of Republicans, ‘We will kill you all."

I first reported that members of the Republican Executive Committee were receiving these death threat letters on August 21st in a post titled Republican State Executive Committee members getting death threats, targets of vandalism. In that post I reported that Terri Richman Nicholson, Tennessee State Republican Committeewoman for District 17, had her car badly keyed while parked outside the local Republican Party headquarters. 

Members of the State Executive Committee and other prominent Republicans need to be aware of the increased threat of violence from radicals.  Radicals have become emboldened. We have witnessed innocent people being pulled from their cars and beaten in cities across America.  Churches that lean conservative are being vandalized. While I hate to give in to intimidation, now may not be a good time to wear a MAGA hat out in public.  Perhaps one ought to think twice before putting a political yard sign in one's yard or a bumper sticker on one's car that identifies oneself as Republican.  

If you live in a county that is overwhelmingly Republican or a rural area or even a typical suburban area you may be perfectly safe expressing your political preference.  If you live in the more urbanized areas of Davidson County, it may be prudent to keep a low profile. I live in an area of white, educated, liberals and almost every block for miles around will have one or more "Black Lives Matter" signs.  I would not feel safe walking in my neighborhood wearing a Trump tee-shirt.  Even non-radical liberals have adopted an attitude of intolerance for different points of view and have been complicity silent of the violence sweeping America. It has become acceptable to silence conservative voices and violence against Trump supporters is considered justified. 

In the Star article Betty Fain says she has recently bought a gun, partially motivated by the death threat letter and the general civil unrest in America.  I have recently taken steps to increase my personal security.  Be prudent, stay safe, stay aware and be ready to defend yourself if you must. 

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Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Conservative group sues Gov. Bill Lee over 'unconstitutional' efforts to stop coronavirus spread

by Rod Williams, 8/25/2020 - Ever since the advent of the Coronavirus and the use of government authority to combat it, questions have been raised about the limits and source of the authority for a governor or mayor to impose restrictions such as stay-at-home orders and mask mandates.  It is pretty clear that a mayor or local Directors of Health get their authority from the State.  However, that does not determine if the State authority is legitimate. 

The state legislature has explored this topic.  They asked for a legal opinion from the State AG who said the State authority being exercised by the governor  was legal. Not satisfied with this answer, the State legislature held public hearings and called in other impressive legal minds to answer the question. 

Former US Attorney General  and Dean of Belmont law school Alberto Gonzales told the State Legislature what the State was doing  was legal. William Koch, a former Tennessee Supreme Court justice and current dean of the Nashville School of Law also said it was legal. 

Today a conservative groups has filed a law suit to determine if the Governor is exceeding his authority by his Executive Orders to combat the pandemic.  My limited research has caused me to think he has the authority to do what he is doing, but clarity would not hurt.  I am not a lawyer but it looks like some the authority to order a quarantine may apply to quarantining sick people, not healthy people.  I hope that is addressed. 

Equally of concern to me as the question of the legitimacy of government power to combat the virus, is the question of the selective application of that power. Why are churches closed and strip clubs open?  Why can 10,000 people sit down in the street on lower Broadway in a protest and the police not issue citations because the group is larger than 25 people and because many are not wearing mask, yet a tourist walking down lower Broadway gets a ticket? Selective enforcement is an opportunity to allow speech by those with whom you agree and silence those with whom you do not. 

For more on this latest development, see the below links: 

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Don't fear voting in person in November. If you are going to vote by absentee, don't wait too late.

by Rod Williams -  In an editorial today in The Tennessean, David Plazas explains that Tennessee is one of 46 states that received a letter from the U.S. Postal Service warning that absentee/mail-in ballots may not be delivered by the deadline. They must arrive by the time polls close at 7 p.m. on Election Day or they will not be counted. 

There may be some people who think they are voting absentee in a timely manner who are not going to have their vote counted because it will not be retuned by the deadline.   The deadline to request an absentee ballot for the Nov. 3 presidential election is Oct. 27. If people wait until the deadline to request the ballot, it is doubtful it can be mailed to the person requesting the ballot, they can fill out the ballot and it can be returned to the election commission by Election Day. If you wait until the deadline to request your ballot, you have waited too late. 

I voted in the recent primary and it was a easy and the Covid-19 precautions were the best I have seen anywhere.  I closely observed. Poll officials would not let anyone enter without a mask. The poll officials themselves had on mask and paper disposable gowns and disposable gloves.  The floors everywhere were marked so one knew where to stand so there was no danger of getting within six feet of another person. Crowd control was maintained so their was no bunching up waiting in the polling place.  I have been lots of places where when someone asked a question and the person asking was having difficulted hearing through the gabble of a mask, the speaker would pull down their mask and repeat themselves.  I did not see that happen.  

When one approached the poll official to request the ballot, the poll officials did not touch the identification of the voter.  If was placed on a piece of paper by the voter, the poll official then pulled the paper to himself, looked at the Id then pushed the paper back to the voter.  Little cocktail straws were used by the voter to make their selection on the screen.  Voters did not touch anything.  Then the voter took their ballot and placed it in the ballot box touching noting but their own ballot.  I was impressed. 

The only place where I could see there might be problem is if people are waiting outside in long lines.  Poll officials would have a hard time enforcing social distancing outside the door of the polling place.  If one goes during slack times, that should not be a problem and more than likely people will observe the social distancing while in line.  During early voting, I was working the polls trying to get signatures for the petition to recall the mayor.  At Howard School, there were lines of people outside the polling place but they were orderly and masked and maintaining their distance. 

If you are maintaining strict quarantine and just too fearful to go vote and you live in Tennessee don't worry about it.  Your vote is not going to affect the outcome of the election.  If we had popular election of the president, then that would be a different story. If we lived in a battleground state, that would be a different story, but we know Tennessee is not in play.  Tennessee has eleven electoral votes and they are not proportionately distributed; the winner gets them all.  Tennessee will vote for Donald Trump. If you are just too fearful to go vote, don't do it and don't feel bad about it. It is just not that important to the outcome.  

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Monday, August 24, 2020

This is why people distrust the mainstream media.

by Rod Williams - The distrust of the media is overwhelming among those on the right.  It is so pervasive that simple facts are often not accepted.  Sometimes I will post some commentary on Facebook about some item in the news and link to the story and instead of getting a reasoned comment in response, the facts about which I am opining are simply dismissed with comments such as "consider the source," or "you need new sources," or just "fake news."  Other times what I have posted is simply dismissed with a "Washington Post?" or "Huffpost?" 

The other day I had a dismissive reply of "Wkrn? Seriously?" to something I posted.  The story was carried in any number of sources and the facts and quotes were not in doubt.  There was even video of the President saying the thing about which I opined about.  One may disagree about how one interprets what he said.  I may respect your opinion even if we don't agree but to dismiss the whole topic because it was carried by WKRN is just irrational. 

Sometimes it seems the only acceptable source for those on the right is Brietbart News and locally Tennessee Star.  Of course if Rush or Hannity said it,  it  is gospel. Even Fox News is being called into question as a reliable source for some on the right.  Of course those on the left dismiss anything covered by Fox News as simply propaganda and I doubt they will even read the story. 

This is disheartening.  I certainly think the mainstream news has a liberal bent. We know that most reporters are liberal.  Studies of campaign contribution from journalist and content analysis have demonstrated this bias again and again.  However, that does not mean that a liberal journalist cannot get the facts right in reporting. Trained journalist normally get the who, when, what, and sometimes the why right even if they have liberal opinions.  Even if the liberal bias slips into a story, it is better to  be informed rather than uninformed. I don't think even liberal journalist just make stuff up.

It seems there is a lack of critical thinking across the spectrum and critical reading skills.  If a news story confirms ones biases then it is believed; if it does not, it is dismissed.  Critical thinking has been replaced by the shortcut of asking is this publication on my side or the other side. There also seem to be an attitude that my mind is made up, don't confuse me with facts and don't make me think.

Having said all of the above however, there are reasons why the media is so distrusted.  The attached snippet is from a story appearing the Monday August 24th USA Today about who the speakers would be at the Republican convention. If that is all you knew about this story you would think that peaceful protestors where strolling down a residential street and these people came out on their porch to threaten them.  There is more to the story. 

The protestors had invaded a gated community.  The entry was posted "private property," and  "no trespassing." The protestors  forced open the gate and in the process damaged it. The were not on a public street. The roads in a gated community are private property and everything within the boundary of a gated community is private property.  Obviously, one does not have the right to protest on  someone else's private property.  The mob had already trespassed and damaged property. A mob of at least 100 had broke into the couple's gated community and came rushing toward their house, causing the couple to fear for their lives.  The McClosky's were taking reasonable precautions to protect their property and maybe their lives. They had every reason to be reasonably afraid of being in imminent danger.   

It is reporting like this snippet from USA Today that causes many people to have an almost kneejerk reaction of rejection of almost everything reported by a mainstream press. 

For video of the episode described follow this link. For more see these links: here, here, here

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Radicals target Mt. Juliet church in politically motivated vandalism attack.

A church was the target of politically motivated vandalism in Mt Juliet yesterday.  Progressive activist are becoming more bold in their effort to silence opinions that do not conform to the new liberal orthodoxy.  Death threats and  intimidation are on the increase.  When politically correct shaming and cancel culture does not bring about compliance, the next step is vandalism.  This is a hate crime.  To read the Tennessean's report on the story, follow this link

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Sen. Blackburn among speakers at GOP convention

Senator Blackburn is scheduled to speak Wednesday night. This will be the fourth time she has spoke at a Republican convention. The convention will stream live all week on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Twitch and Amazon Prime. For more on this story follow this link.

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Friday, August 21, 2020

Republican State Executive Committee members getting death threats, targets of vandalism.

by Rod Williams - Terri Richman Nicholson, Tennessee State Republican Committeewoman for District 17, had her car badly keyed sometime in the last 24 hours. She reports that last night she was at a Trump Headquarter from about 6:30pm until 8:45pm and she suspects that is when it occurred. 

She reports that other member of the Executive Committee have received death threats. "I didn't say anything about it before but will now," she writes on Facebook. "Members on the GOP State Executive Board have received death threat letters. I haven't gotten mine yet but lots of others have."

This is frightening. Republicans are feeling intimidated.  And, justly so.  This is part of the climate now. The culture has reached the point to where conservative guest speakers are disinvited or not invited to speak on college campuses. It they do appear, they are more likely than not to be shouted down. A person may spend four years in college and never be exposed to a conservative point of view.  

Companies are kowtowing to Black Lives Matter.  Maybe for Starbucks it reflects the company's values, but I suspect a lot of the time it is to buy off the radicals hoping their business will be spared destruction during a "mostly peaceful" riot. 

People are fired from their job for supporting President Trump and actors who support Trump are blacklisted and business that advertise on conservative talk radio are boycotted or threatened into withdrawing sponsorship. Political correctness, wokeness and cancel culture is resulting in a society where civil discourse is not possible and only the "correct" point of view is tolerated. 

Last month, seeing all of the Black Lives Matter signs in my neighborhood, I decided to order some  "All Lives Matter" signs.  I did.  I intended to give them out to anyone who wanted one for free.  The next day after ordering them, I went to First Tuesday and told some people I had them on order and asked if they would like one.  I was a surprised that there were almost no takers. The next day I cancelled the order. 

People told me they were afraid their house would be firebombed or looted or they may be assaulted.  This lead to a further discussion of the current climate for political expression. Several people said while they had never thought twice about wearing a tee-shirt or baseball cap promoting their favorite candidate or point of view, now they avoided doing so for fear they may be physically attacked.  Several told me they were not going to put a Trump bumper sticker on their car this year and they would not put a Trump yard sign in the their yard. For the first time ever they were afraid to show their political preference. I think this may be one reason Trump is down in the polls.  Once people get afraid to tell people their political preferences they are probably not going to talk to pollsters either. 

One result of this intimidation combined with riots and seeing people pulled from their cars and beaten and a surge in crime, is that gun sales are way up. 2020 gun sales up 95% and ammunition sales are up 139% over this time in 2019.  About half of all sales of guns are to new first time buyers. Succumbing to intimidation may be prudent, but in today's environment so is being armed. 

I fear that if Trump is reelected we will see a massive frenzy of violence.  We saw the left throw a temper tantrum in 2016.  It was mostly peaceful however. We saw grown adults wearing  silly pussy hats and crying and venting.  This time, I expect random shootings, people pulled from cars and beat and killed and arson and destruction.  If we give in to the threat of violence we have lost our democracy.  That is one reason, despite reservations about Trump's character and demeanor, I am likely to pull the lever for Trump. 

We can be prudent and cautions in expressing our views, but where it most matters, we cannot give in to intimidation.  And if attacked, we need to be ready to defend ourselves.

If any other member of the Republican Executive Committee or any other prominent Republican has received death threats or have been subject to vandalism or other forms of intimidation, please share it. Don't keep quite. 

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Biden hit a homerun.

by Rod Williams - Biden gave a very good speech last night. For people who base their vote on how much they like the candidate and are not too concerned with policies, Biden will win some votes. And, there are a lot of people who use criteria like that to pick a candidate. 

Biden is likable. Those who have had enough of Trumps bitter, sarcastic, off-the-cuff smart ass comments may find Biden's style more appealing.  When I have pointed out to some of my Republican friends some of things Trump says that make me cringe, I sometimes get the reply, "Well, he is a New Yorker. That's just who he is."  I doubt all New Yorkers are that insensitive and insulting, but if they are I don't like it. 

Those who have watched Trump pander to the worst in people will find Biden's appeal to calm and normalcy and "hope and light" appealing. He says character, compassion, science, democracy are on the ballot. In a sense, I think they are.  People who may not vote for socialism, abortion-till-birth, the empowered bureaucratic state,  and the Green New Deal, may vote for character, compassion, science and democracy.  The more Trump does things like refuse to condemn the nutty fringe, the more the contrast will show Biden to be a good man, a calming force, and rational. 

In Biden's speech he did not mention the days of riots rocking the country and the lawlessness and insurrection, so I am not sure Biden's niceness will cause people to support someone who is complicitly silent on this violent insurrection. But, Republicans will have to point that out and I am sure they will. 

Biden did not look like someone who with dementia who can barely function. He proved that in a studio sitting he can do a good job of reading a well-written speech. 

I think Biden hit a homerun.

If you missed it, here is the speech.  You can always watch it in double speed and not miss much. 

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Trump Rally Nashville!

From Davidson County Republican Party :

You are cordially invited to join us at the Trump Rally Nashville
being held Thursday, August 27th at Fontanel, 4125 Whites Creek Pike, Nashville.  The event will start at 6:30pm.

Tickets are $25 each.  See the link below for ordering details.

Rally together with fellow Trump supporters to protest the government overreach perpetuated by the Democrat Party.

The Davidson County Republican Party is proud to sponsor this rally to support the GOP candidate, Donald Trump, for President of the United States as he gives his acceptance speech. The Democrat party has politicized the virus, devastated the economy, and stripped away basic American freedoms. It is time we come together to protest the liberal agenda and rally for a Red Tennessee.

The epidemic that is being ignored is the economic crisis.  And our local business owners, entrepreneurs, and talented musicians are suffering at the hands of our left wing government.  On top of the continued and unprecedented shutdown, Davidson County has been lambasted with a 34%-37% property tax increase.  That is one of many reasons why we have chosen to stand with our music city musicians who formed the group: Let Us Work Music City. We stand with them as we petition Governor Bill Lee and Mayor John Cooper to end the "state of emergency" and let our people go back to work.

Music, food, guest speakers, and a chance to meet the not-so-silent majority in Middle Tennessee. Senate-elect Nominee Bill Hagerty, State Senator Jack Johnson, and State Senate Candidates Senator Steve Dickerson, and Senator Ferrell Haile, and State Representative Candidate Representative William Lamberth will be speaking before we watch President Trump give his acceptance speech via live feed on the big screens.  Musical performances by popular bands from our own Music City.  Local food trucks and official GOP merchandise will be available for purchase.

A limited number of VIP Tickets are available, first come first serve, and include prime visibility seating and a meal.  Parking is free in the field outside the entry gates.  Please bring your ticket with you to the entry gates - no ticket, no entry. (Either your ticket printout or your email confirmation with the ticket's QR code will be accepted.)  No coolers, backpacks, or large bags permitted beyond the entry gates.  This event is outdoors, rain or shine, so plan accordingly.  You may bring a lawn chair or blanket, and we recommend packing bug spray, a hat, water bottles, and an umbrella.  While this event is outdoors with plenty of space to maintain social distancing, Davidson County has a mandate for face coverings to be worn when social distancing is not possible - so please take necessary precautions to protect your own health and respect those around you.  Please see Emergency Health Order 4 for more details on face coverings in Davidson County.

Security will be present. Absolutely no signage that is violent or ant-Trump or anti-Republican will be tolerated. If you violate this rule, you will be escorted off the property.

All tickets are final sale - absolutely no refunds. All proceeds will go to cover the cost of the event and any additional funds will go to the Davidson County Republican Party.

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Thursday, August 20, 2020

Worst city to live in Tennessee: Memphis (no surprise)

Well,  not much of a surprise.  This survey even included small cities.  I thought maybe there was

some depressed fading town in west  Tennessee where the one local plant had closed, or maybe some poor town in the mountains of east Tennessee hit hard by the meth epidemic and then the opioid epidemic that could rate lower than Memphis, but no, it's Memphis. 

Population: 654,723
Median home value: $94,200 (state: $151,700)
Poverty rate: 26.9% (state: 16.7%)
Violent crimes per 100,000 people: 2,003 (state: 652)

Memphis is the most dangerous city in Tennessee and one of the most dangerous cities in the United States. It is one of only 11 U.S. cities where the 2017 violent crime rate exceeded 2,000 incidents per 100,000 residents. As is the case in many high crime cities, Memphis is also home to a large poor population. More than one in every four Memphis residents live below the poverty line, compared to the 16.7% poverty rate across Tennessee. Joblessness is also a problem in Memphis. The city’s unemployment rate stands at 6.6%, far higher than the 4.0% state unemployment rate.

To view this story and see the worst city to live in, in each of the 50 states, follow this link

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Just for the record, I also think Black lives matter.

by Rod Williams - Dolly Parton has been all over the news for saying, “Of course Black lives matter. Do we think our little white asses are the only ones that matter? No!” 

That is a no-brainer. I can't believe that this is being interpreted as an endorsement of the Black Lives Matter movement. I can't believe such a big deal is being made of this simple common sense declaration. 

Who can disagree with what she said? I don't. I don't know of anyone who has said Black lives don't matter. I don't know that anyone has ever said, "Only white lives matter." 

So, for the record, I think Black lives matter. Another way of saying the same thing Dolly said is to say, "All lives matter." So, for the record this is my statement: "Black lives matter. White lives are not the only ones that matter; all lives matter."

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Art Break: Heading Home after Washing Clothes at the River by Ouida Williams

 Heading Home after Washing Clothes at the River by Ouida Williams

This was the last painting my mother ever painted. It was painted in 2008 as a gift for my daughter Rachel.  It was based on a photograph Rachel had taken when she was living in India. Rachel spent several months in India in 2004 studying anthropology while at UT Chattanooga. 

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Wednesday, August 19, 2020

Save this date: Aug. 27th. Trump rally at Fontenel. Watch Trump nomination acceptance speech with friends.


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With Nashville losing $100M a week in visitor spending, city 'scrambling' to forecast for the future

The Tennessean - Nashville businesses have so far lost $2.45 billion in visitor spending due to COVID-19 and are losing more than $100 million per week as the pandemic continues, according to the Nashville Convention and Visitors Corp. 

The loss in spending by visitors coming to Music City for leisure, business and sports has meant a $92 million loss in local sales and hotel taxes and fees collected by the city between mid-March and Aug. 1, officials at the visitors corporation told The Tennessean. 

The new projections come as the group last week announced convention cancellations alone in Nashville will net an estimated $1 billion loss for businesses due to more than 1,200 cancellations since February through June next year.  (read more)

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Metro Council moves to expand Metro police powers

by Rod Williams - Last night the council passed two bills on first reading that would expand the authority of Metro government to enforce Covid-19 health orders. One would allow Metro employees who are not police officers or employees of the Metro Health Department to issue citations. The other bill would allow Metro Codes and the Fire Marshal to post stop work orders on construction projects where health orders are not being followed.

Both of these were late filled resolutions.  While I oppose both, I do not criticize council members who voted for them on first reading.  First reading is a formality that allows the bills to be considered.  To become law the bills must be voted on two more times. I hope both are defeated on second reading.

I oppose these bills because I do not want to expand the capability of the city to harass citizens. Also, Metro can not be trusted with more power.  The enforcement of health orders is not applied uniformly.  If thousands of people stage a sit-in on lower Broadway, the health orders are not enforced.  If more than 25 people gather from some other purpose, or if a person is not wearing a mask and the wearer is not engaging in a favored political protest, then the order is enforced. 

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Tuesday, August 18, 2020

Maury County mayor Andy Ogles causes major lib meltdown over humorous meme.

 by Rod Williams - Andy Ogles, mayor of Maury County posted the meme show here on his Facebook page.  Liberals have gone nuts! He got over a thousand comments and the meme was shared over 500 times.  I have posted a sample of some of what was posted as a reply. He is being denounced as a racist and getting "hate" post. The Columbia newspaper and The Tennessean found it newsworthy.  The Tennessean called it a "racist meme" in their article headline. 

I find it humorous. I am sick of people being so "woke" and politically correct that they are offended by the least little thing.  If I were an elected official, I would probably not have posted this, but that is more a matter of style than of finding this unacceptable. 

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Monday, August 17, 2020

Nashville for Rational COVID Policy: The Costs of Mitigation.

Nashville for Rational COVID Policy acknowledges the need to navigate the COVID-19 pandemic safely, and to minimize the risk of infection for those at highest risk: The elderly, and those with significant pre-existing conditions. Simultaneously, however, it is important for policymakers to acknowledge and account for the costs of mitigation efforts, so as to balance these costs against the perceived benefits. 

Messaging from Mayor Cooper and the Metro Public Health Department, however, has been fairly one-sided, focusing only on how measures limit the spread of the virus in terms of transmission rate, new cases, and hospital capacity, without acknowledging the very real pain that they inflict on Nashvillians - both now and into the future. 

Among these costs are:  
We believe that these measures should not be in place a moment longer than absolutely necessary to maintain adequate health care resources for residents and frontline workers, in view of these costs. At the very least, Nashville deserves an open dialogue, accountability, and clearly-defined measures which remain fixed and which contemplate and balance these considerable costs to our community.

For more information, follow this link

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Saturday, August 15, 2020

Rep. Curtis Halfords account of an encounter with protestors. They are not peaceful protestors but thugs, vandals and criminals and the D.A. refuses to prosecute.

Curtis Halford is a state representative representing District 79 which is Carroll and Gibson counties. He was elected the House of Representatives in 2008. This is his first person account of his encounter with protestors outside the capitol building.  This was posted on Facebook.

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The four important accomplishments of the Special Session

Susan Lynn
By Susan Lynn, State Representative, District 57 - This week, the General Assembly reconvened in Nashville for the 61st Extraordinary Session in Tennessee history. As part of this historic special session, four new committees were created so that every House member had the opportunity to work on the three issues that comprised Governor Lee’s call for the session. These panels focused on setting new standards to address the possibility of frivolous lawsuits related to the Covid-19 pandemic,  increasing access to telehealth services for Tennessee patients during these unprecedented times, and holding those who promote lawlessness or who attack law enforcement and first responders accountable. 
 The special session began at 4 p.m. on Monday, Aug. 10 in the House chamber, and it concluded shortly after 7 p.m. on Wednesday, Aug. 12 with the sine die adjournment resolution. 

Republican leaders increase access to telehealth services for Tennesseans 
During the special session, House Republicans led efforts to increase access to telehealth services for Tennesseans through passage of House Bill 8002. This legislation has been a priority of House Republican leadership throughout the 111th General Assembly, and it was carefully vetted to prioritize Tennessee patients having access to their very own doctors and health care providers. House Bill 8002 increases access to electronic health care services and provides payment parity for clinically appropriate, medically necessary services so insurance companies reimburse providers at the same rates they would for in-person visits. Under this legislation, patients must have been seen in person by a physician or health service provider’s practice group within 16 months of a telemedicine visit. The bill also enables Tennesseans to utilize telemedicine as an alternative to in-person visits with their physicians or providers during the pandemic. As part of the Republican CARE Plan that was first introduced in 2019, this innovative solution puts Tennessee patients first, by increasing access, promoting affordability, and improving overall health outcomes.

The measure now awaits the governor’s signature.

House Republicans support business sustainability in Tennessee

House Republicans this week also set new standards to address the potential for frivolous lawsuits against a person or entity resulting from the ongoing pandemic in Tennessee through House Bill 8001.

The Tennessee Covid-19 Recovery Act was approved in the House chamber by an 80-10 vote Wednesday. This legislation increases liability protections for businesses, schools, institutions of higher learning, churches, as well as civic organizations that operate in good faith from frivolous claims by raising standards for action from the current standard of simple negligence to a new standard of gross negligence or willful misconduct.

Under this proposal, any individual alleging injury must file a verified complaint, citing specific facts, as well as clear and convincing evidence that the injury was caused by an act or omission constituting gross negligence or that an entity demonstrated willful misconduct, resulting in a loss, damage, injury, or death from Covid-19.

All lawsuits already filed or in process on or before the date of the governor’s call for a special session on Aug. 3 would not be affected by the Tennessee Covid-19 Recovery Act and may still proceed.

These are extraordinary times, and our businesses have suffered considerable hardships because of unexpected closures in recent months. Additionally, schools have worked tirelessly to implement protocols and procedures so they can safely reopen and educate our children.

The Tennessee Covid-19 Recovery Act protects these and other entities by establishing predictable standards moving forward for future pandemic-related lawsuits so individuals or groups seeking a payday do not abuse our legal system to file a baseless claim against an individual or organization in our state.
Republican lawmakers push for law and order, support Tennessee’s first responders

House Republicans on Wednesday evening approved legislation that holds those who promote lawlessness or who attack law enforcement and first responders in Tennessee accountable.
Known as the Law & Order bill, House Bill 8005 protects the rights of citizens enshrined in our Constitution to peaceful assemble. However, those few individuals who escalate peaceful demonstrations into acts of aggression, intimidation, rioting, vandalism or who seek violence towards law enforcement, firefighters and first responders will be held totally accountable for their actions.
The legislation has statewide application, and it is necessary because of recent incidents across Tennessee and our nation where a few bad actors have escalated peaceful demonstrations and have turned them into acts of total lawlessness.
House Bill 8005 creates mandatory minimum prison sentences for assault and aggravated assault of law enforcement, firefighters, and first responders, as well as rioting and aggravated rioting.
These mandatory minimums include:
  • A 30 day mandatory minimum sentence for assault of a first responder. 
  • A 90 day mandatory minimum sentence for aggravated assault of a first responder. 
  • A 30 day mandatory minimum sentence for participation in a riot and an order of restitution for property damage or loss associated with the offense. 
  • A 45 day mandatory minimum sentence for aggravated rioting and an order of restitution for property damage.
The legislation also clarifies and strengthens our existing laws related to illegal camping on state property, and it addresses those who deface our state and public buildings, while keeping peaceful protestors, law enforcement, first responders, and our citizens safe.
When the Covid-19 pandemic first began, Tennessee’s first responders were our heroes, and this is an opportunity to once again join together to support all who protect and serve us and who risk their lives each and every day for the citizens of Tennessee.
We want our citizens to exercise their constitutional rights and participate in peaceful demonstrations, but at the same time, House Republicans will not stand for anarchy or lawlessness here in our state.
Government accountability measure passes House chamber

Legislation that holds local governments accountable for prohibiting emergency response during public demonstrations was also approved this week. House Bill 8006 removes immunity for mayors, chief executives, governing boards or government entities if they choose to prohibit law enforcement or fire and rescue services from accessing specific areas within their jurisdiction which they have left unprotected during a public demonstration.
The measure — which is the first of its kind — does not apply to any decisions made by local law enforcement, fire or rescue services personnel based on safety risks to those responding or to the general public. Under this legislation, anyone who violates this law will be held financially liable if damages, injury or death occurs to our citizens and their property.

House Bill 8006 now heads to the governor’s desk for his signature.

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Friday, August 14, 2020

Push for Black Lives Matter street mural underway in Nashville

by Rod Williams - I have been very disappointed in Mayor Cooper up until this point. I have disapproved of the way he tolerated rioters almost burning down the courthouse and how he was slow to protect downtown businesses from vandals and arsonist.  I have been disappointed that he called for a massive tax increase rather than austerity to deal with the financial crisis facing the city.  However, I have tried to retain some respect for him and rationalize that our differences were simply policy differences.  For example, I think it was a mistake to close down lower Broadway, but he has the burden of deciding what is the best approach.  None of us know enough to be sure we are making the right decision in how to deal with this virus. I can question if he made the right decision and still respect his decision. Maybe, if I had the awesome responsibility of making that decision and had gone through the same process of evaluation and felt the same burden of making a wrong decision, I would have decided the same way.  I don't know. 

There is a push to paint a Black Lives Matter street mural downtown. Advocates want it painted on Dr. M.L.K. Jr. Boulevard in front of the Tennessee Capitol. I hope Mayor Cooper does not allow this to happen.  After a 34% tax increase, if he can allow city funds to be spend to paint a divisive propaganda mural downtown, also in a location intended to  give the State the middle flinger, then all respect I had for Mayor Cooper is gone.  I will no longer  believe that he is a good man with whom I simply have policy differences.  If he panders by allowing the mural to be painted and uses city funds to do it, then he is more than just a disappointment; he is deplorable. 

In many other cities where similar street murals have been painted, they have quickly been vandalized. Tossing paint-filled balloons out of their car as they cruise down the street is one method of vandalizing this government-sponsored propaganda.  If painted in Nashville, I wonder if Nashville's BLM mural will also be vandalized? 


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Wednesday, August 12, 2020

Tennessee to get tough on violent protestors

by Rod Williams. 8/12/2020- The state legislature passed a bill today that would increase the penalty for protesters illegally camping out on legislative plaza or other state property, require arrested protesters to spend a 12-hour minimum before making bail, create a misdemeanor offense of assault for spitting or throwing bodily fluids on a first responder, create a felony offense for using a weapon or causing serious injury to a first responder, make it a felony to trespass on the property of an elected official, law enforcement officer or judge with the intent to harass, charge with theft and pay restoration for  vandalizing state buildings or entrances, make it a felony to block an emergency vehicle from accessing a street or highway while responding to an emergency call or from blocking an emergency exit door in a building if there is a threat to the health or safety of someone inside. 

I approve. It is time to get tough. Enough is enough. 

For more follow this link

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Six Police Reforms for Nashville

by Seeker of Liberty - “Defund the police” has become the clarion call of some but not among the vast majority of Americans, especially, African Americans. Two polls taken in late June and early July, 2020 found strong support for law enforcement with 73% opposing abolition of police in one poll[i]. Meanwhile, Gallup found that 81 percent of African Americans support either the same amount or an increased police presence in their communities.[ii] Defunding the police is clearly not a solution to problems faced by law enforcement, many of which are the result of poor government policy which is then thrust on law enforcement to handle. Better ideas and better solutions need to be discussed and vetted for implementation rather than just imposing an unpopular solution which clearly lacks public support despite what a loud minority would have us believe. 

There are solutions which can begin to correct the problems facing law enforcement. Some of the solutions may in fact incorporate a few of the ideas proposed by advocates which change responsibility for certain activities away from a law enforcement responsibility to that of non-law enforcement agencies.

Reform #1 The Drug War

The War on Drugs might be the worst public policy implemented since 1970 for several reasons. Confining those to current events and specifically to racial discord is difficult because of the pervasiveness the drug war has on every aspect of criminal justice. For that reason, I will attempt to confine this discussion to the impact of policing the drug war and its disparate impact on minorities by quoting an aide to President Nixon, John Ehrlichman.

“The Nixon campaign in 1968, and the Nixon White House after that, had two enemies: the antiwar left and black people. You understand what I'm saying? We knew we couldn't make it illegal to be either against the war or black, but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities. We could arrest their leaders, raid their homes, break up their meetings, and vilify them night after night on the evening news. Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Of course we did.”[iii]

As Abolitionist Lysander Spooner wrote, “It is a maxim of the law that there can be no crime without a criminal intent; that is, without the intent to invade the person or property of another.”[iv] To make vices crimes and with the racial intent of the law, the result has been devastating on the African American community. For example, In 2014, African Americans constituted 2.3 million, or 34%, of the total 6.8 million correctional population.[v] Worse, Black males ages 18 to 19 were 12.7 times as likely to be imprisoned as white males of the same ages, the highest black-to-white racial disparity of any age group in 2018.[vi] When African Americans see these type of disparities, is it any wonder why they demand reform?

Unless police are willing to stop prosecuting the war on drug, effectively creating a de facto treatment of drugs like that of Portugal’s de jure decriminalization of drugs, perhaps the next best approach is something called Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) a program which enables officers to divert individuals who commit crimes due to drug addiction to specially trained case managers. These case managers coordinate addiction and mental health treatment, shelter, housing, health care, counseling, bureaucracy, and employment. Evaluations have shown that LEAD reduces recidivism, felony crime, homelessness, and unemployment, while improving citizen perceptions of the police.[vii]

Mental health diversion programs like Miami-Dade’s Criminal Mental Health Project (CMHP) dispatch specially trained officers to emergency calls that may involve mental illness. These officers bring in offenders for mental health evaluation, safely diverting many from jail to support services that include medication, counseling, housing, and help navigating government bureaucracy. CMHP has been shown to significantly reduce recidivism, incarceration, and criminal justice spending.[viii]

Reform # 2 Sever the relationship between crime labs and law enforcement

Within the current legal system, it is often difficult to challenge the analysis of a police crime lab, even for the defense. Although the word “forensic” derives from the Latin word for the forum, where citizens congregated to dispute public questions, modern forensic science is anything but public or adequately open to dispute. The forensics lab holds an effective monopoly on the analysis of the evidence presented to it. The lab’s scientist is free to infer from the evidence without being second-guessed. The forensic worker, therefore, has power.

While the vast majority of forensic scientists wield this power fairly and competently, a few do not. The proper function of forensic science is to extract the truth. According, however, to a study in 2001:
As it is practiced today, forensic science does not extract the truth reliably. Forensic science expert evidence that is erroneous (that is, honest mistakes) and fraudulent (deliberate misrepresentation) has been one of the major causes, and perhaps the leading cause, of erroneous convictions of innocent persons.[ix]
In the wake of DNA exonerations, an extensive literature has developed on the limited reliability of forensic testimony. The institutional structure of forensic work is an important source of error, insufficiency, and occasionally, malfeasance. Our adversarial criminal courts organize disputes between the prosecution and the defense. But the current institutional structure of forensic science places the results of forensic scientists largely beyond dispute.

In its report to Congress the National Academy of Sciences explains: “Forensic scientists who sit administratively in law enforcement agencies or prosecutors’ offices, or who are hired by those units, are subject to a general risk of bias.” That is why it is time to change the relationship between crime labs and law enforcement.

Forensic labs are often organized within police departments and are thus dependent on the departments for their budgets. This institutional relationship creates a pro-prosecution bias, as the managers of forensics units answer to law enforcement agencies. For example, David Williams, an investigator in the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) Explosives Unit, was found to have “tailored” his testimony “to the most incriminating result” in two trials, namely, the prosecutions for the World Trade Center bombing of 1993 and the Oklahoma City bombing of 1995. In the Oklahoma case, “Williams repeatedly reached conclusions that incriminated the defendants without a scientific basis and that were not explained in the body of the report.”[x]

“Scientific…assessment conducted in forensic investigations should be independent of law enforcement efforts either to prosecute criminal suspects or even to determine whether a criminal act has indeed been committed. Administratively, this means that forensic scientists should function independently of law enforcement administrators. The best science is conducted in a scientific setting as opposed to a law enforcement setting. Because forensic scientists often are driven in their work by a need to answer a particular question related to the issues of a particular case, they sometimes face pressure to sacrifice appropriate methodology for the sake of expediency.”[xi]

Removing forensic service providers from administrative oversight by law enforcement (to include prosecutor’s offices) addresses the “fox guarding the hen house” issue. Those responsible for acting on the jurisdiction’s or defendant’s behalf in court are not in charge of the neutral arbiter of facts that support or refute criminal allegations. The implication is not that all law enforcement oversight of laboratory functions is biased but that—purely based on mandated responsibilities—the potential for that particular brand of bias is greater than if the laboratories were independent. Other types of bias may occur but, as an independent agency, the laboratory can at least act on them without collateral repercussions and resistance due to professional cultural differences.

Reform # 3 Demilitarize the Police

This subject matter is discussed in greater depth in an essay about the MNPD, here:

Reform # 4 Warrant service

Forced entry and no-knock warrants are almost exclusively executed in furtherance of the War on Drugs and represent one more reason why the War on Drugs is such a dangerously bad policy. The killing of Breonna Taylor in Louisville, KY was a result of a no-knock warrant.[xii] A truly meaningful reform would bar any forced entry into a private residence unless the police have reason to suspect someone inside presents an imminent threat to others, such as an active shooter, a kidnapping or a robbery in progress.

Reform # 5 Public Sector Employee Unions

In the current climate, it is easy to attack police unions for their protection of bad officers. But the truth is, as a city government, Metro cannot treat one collective bargaining unit different from others. In other words, if the FOP is to be excluded from certain aspects of negotiations, then the MNEA and SEIU must be treated in the same manner. Any Council member who fails to recognize the necessity for equal treatment of all these groups is setting the city up for civil liability.

With that in mind, research on the subject is helpful. A 2019 study from the researchers at the University of Chicago analyzed violent police incidents following a 2003 Florida Supreme Court decision that granted sheriffs' deputies the right to organize. This sophisticated analysis compares agencies with newly granted collective-bargaining rights with other police agencies that already had such rights. "(T)he right to bargain collectively led to about a 40-percent increase in violent incidents," the report concludes.[xiii]

This type of data cannot be ignored and must be addressed by limiting the areas in which the police collective bargaining unit can negotiate with the city. Police unions have made it impossible for police chiefs to reform their departments, get rid of the small number of thugs within their midst, root out police corruption and privatize services.

Reform # 6 OPA vs COB

If anyone has not done so, I strongly urge all to read the packet released by Silent No More TN and its founder, former MNPD sex abuse detective and Master Patrol Officer Greta McClain. It describes many issues within the department, chief of which appears to be a lack of internal control. Having read the rather long letter attached to the report by some anonymous source with detailed knowledge of the internal problems within the department, it is time to consider some major changes to the way complaints are handled.[xiv]

For many years, the Office of Professional Accountability handled all major complaints against officers. Since its creation, it operated under the leadership of a civilian but its investigators were sworn officers. It was believed this would create a perception that those who investigated officers were somewhat separated from the officers they investigated. However, as years passed, the citizens of Nashville believed this to be an insufficient means of police oversight and in a county-wide referendum chose to create a Community Oversight Board. The result has been conflict between the MNPD and the COB, a lack of direction for the COB which led it down a path of decades old cases and COB being left out of active situations. The time is ripe for Metro government to take some action beyond that which the referendum calls for and move to a different approach of the investigation of complaints.

It may be helpful to first understand how the process works now. A complaint which goes to OPA for investigation is assigned to investigators who then compile testimony and evidence to complete a report which is then reviewed by their supervisors and ultimately by the director of OPA. The report will detail the findings of the investigation and then present a recommendation to the Chief of Police. The findings of the report may exonerate the officer, sustain the complaint, find a problem with departmental policy and fail to sustain the complaint. In a case where the officer faces any type of disciplinary action, the officer may request a hearing before the Chief’s Review Board. The final determination of the case is for the Chief of Police.

With that in mind, and with the report included in the Silent No More packet, it appears to be time to transfer all major complaints to the COB and to abolish the OPA and the Chief’s Review Board. If this is done, additional investigative resources will be needed equal to the number of investigators working in OPA. The result of this would be to have civilian, non-police investigators conducting investigations of allegations of violations of department policy and those investigations would then be presented to the Chief of Police for final disposition. The COB would act as the hearing board in the same manner the Chief’s Review Board currently acts but any final determination would still rest with the Chief of Police based on the recommendation of the COB. Minor complaints ought to still be handled by immediate supervisors or the investigators of the COB will be overwhelmed with minor complaints. The findings of the immediate supervisors can also be taken to the COB for a hearing on the supervisor’s recommendation at the discretion of the officer against whom the complaint was made.

These six recommendations are not comprehensive but would go a long way toward reconciling the legitimate goals of law enforcement with the citizens it must protect. Other changes which might also be considered, if legal, would be to forbid civil asset forfeiture without a criminal charge related specifically to the property being seized and abolishing bonds for non-violent misdemeanors or at the very least, require the use of a misdemeanor citations for all non-violent misdemeanors. Taken as whole, these reforms are in keeping with the wishes of the voters of Davidson County and reflect polling indicating the desire for police to do as much if not more to protect their lives and property. 

[iii] "Dan Baum – Harper's Magazine". Archived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2017
[iv] from, Spooner, Lysander “Vices Are Not Crimes: A Vindication of Moral Liberty (1875)
[ix] Michael J. Saks, et al., “Model Prevention and Remedy of Erroneous Convictions Act,” Arizona State Law Journal, vol. 33, 2001
[x] United States Department of Justice, Office of the Inspector General, The FBI Laboratory: An Investigation into Laboratory Practices and Alleged Misconduct in Explosives-Related and Other Cases (, 1997)
[xi] National Research Council. 2009. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press at 23-24.[xi]
[xiii] Dharmapala, Dhammika and McAdams, Richard H. and Rappaport, John, Collective Bargaining Rights and Police Misconduct: Evidence from Florida (August 2019). University of Chicago Coase-Sandor Institute for Law & Economics Research Paper No. 831, U of Chicago, Public Law Working Paper No. 655, Available at SSRN: or 

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